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Anatomy, Human Reproduction, Reproductive Health
Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants
Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Pollen-Pistil interac tion; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events-Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
Structural Organisation in Plants
Morphology and modifications, functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, Stem, Leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed and families [cruciferae, malvaceae, solanaceae, fabaceae, liliaceae, compositae, poaceae, cucurbitaceae]
Tissues, Tissue system, Internal structure of root, stem, leaf, secondary growth
M a l e a n d f e m a l e reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo d e v e l o p m e n t u p t o b l a s t o c y s t f o r m a t i o n , implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases ( S T D ) ; B i r t h c o n t r o l - N e e d a n d M e t h o d s , Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
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